|Toyo Ink SC Holdings, Co., Ltd. (4634)|
Toyo Ink SC Holdings, Co., Ltd.
TSE 1st Section
President and CEO
3-7-1 Kyobashi, Chuo-ku, Tokyo
End of March
* Share price as of closing on the end of June 14. Number of shares outstanding is as of quarter end from the most recent earnings briefing. ROE and BPS are based on actual results of the previous term end.
* Estimates are those of the Company. Net income is net income attributable to owners of parent.
HistoryThe origin of Toyo Ink dates back to 1896, when founder Kamataro Kobayashi opened Kobayashi's Ink Shop as sole proprietorship at Nihonbashi, Tokyo. In 1907, it was reorganized and renamed as Toyo Ink Manufacturing Co., Ltd. During the Meiji period, many newspapers and magazines, including the Yomiuri Shimbun (founded in 1874) and the Asahi Shimbun (founded in 1879), were launched. The government also printed increasing number of materials including textbooks to enhance educational levels under the policy of increasing wealth and military power. Under these circumstances, the demand for printing inks expanded rapidly.
Initially, inks in the Japanese market were mostly imported products; however, as the national policy favored high quality domestically produced inks, the Company, with its advanced technological skills, successfully expanded its business with clients such as the Printing Bureau of the Ministry of Finance and other government bodies, in addition to private printing companies. Exports also grew during the same time. The Company's rapid growth was also due in part to the early introduction of integrated manufacturing system from raw materials (pigments, resins) to finished products (printing inks). Another contributing factor may be that the Company, since its inception, had strong ties with Toppan Printing Co., Ltd., which, by then, was among Japan's largest printing companies. The Company survived the difficult times of the Great Kanto Earthquake and the World War II and experienced rapid growth again during the period of high economic growth after the war. The Company was listed in the Second Section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange in 1961 and moved to the First Section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange in 1967.
The Company is expanding its businesses from manufacturing of printing inks to other fields such as LCD film materials, using its wide range of technologies and know-how cultivated through manufacturing and processing of raw materials such as pigments and resins. In 2011, the Company adopted a holding company system for further expansion and growth of the Group, and changed its name to Toyo Ink SC Holdings, Co., Ltd.
Corporate PhilosophyThe Toyo Ink Group's Corporate Philosophy was established in April 1993. It consists of 3 parts, namely, corporate philosophy, corporate policies, and guiding principles. The Philosophy embodies the original roots of the brand of the corporate group and serves as guidelines that each employee of the Group should always keep in mind and act on as a business professional.
In April 2014, "improving shareholder satisfaction" was added to its guiding principles. With this revision, the Company is aiming to improve satisfaction of all stakeholders.
Furthermore, the "Toyo Ink Group Corporate Philosophy" is printed on the first page of every single issue of the Company's in-house magazine, which is published for the Group's unity and circulated to the entire Group including the overseas locations. Also, the above-mentioned credo has "Japanese/English" version as well as "Chinese/English" version to share and spread the corporate philosophy globally.
Market EnvironmentThe production value of the Japanese printing industry is declining especially in the realm of publication printing of newspapers and magazines as a result of increasing digitization and aliteracy.
In the realm of commercial printing, on the other hand, of posters, catalogues, fliers, POP, etc. demand is fairly steady. Furthermore, printing on food and pharmaceutical packages and plastic containers is steadily increasing at the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.4% from 2004 to 2015.
As innovation of printing machine is progressing, quality of printing is enhancing. Overseas local inks, in many cases, cannot respond to such demand for high quality, which may lead to more demand of excellent Japanese ink.
(Printing houses and printing ink manufacturers)According to the "Census of Manufactures 2014: Report by Industry" by METI, there were 25,843 business entities in the printing and related industries in 2014. 25,446 (98.5%) of them are small and medium-sized enterprises with fewer than 100 employees.
Thus, the Company's customers seek direct dealings with the Company. As a result, nearly 80% of the Company's domestic sales come from direct sales to its customers. These strong relationships with the customers are among the Company's major characteristics.
◎ Other companies in the industryThere are 6 major listed companies including Toyo Ink in the ink industry in Japan.
Whereas (4631) DIC is the number one company in the world, Toyo Ink is the top runner in Japanese printing ink industry, and ranks first or second by most product categories. Globally, the Company is ranked third (The second is a European firm).
(4633) SAKATA INX is the second largest shareholder of the Company. The Company and SAKATA INX complement each other mainly in logistical aspects. The two companies concluded a capital and business alliance agreement in 2000.
Business ContentsFollowings are the summary of printing inks, one of the major product categories of the Company, categorized by "raw materials" and "types and purposes of use".
◎ Concerning "printing inks"
Since its foundation, the Company also has been expanding its business categories by exploring application of these raw materials in the process of manufacturing them.
◎ Business segmentsThe business activities of the Company are classified into 4 segments: the "Colorants & Functional Materials Related Business", "Polymers & Coatings Related Business", "Printing & Information Related Business", and "Packaging Materials Related Business".
The "Printing & Information Related Business" mainly deals with planographic inks that are used for printing on papers (offset inks, etc.). The "Packaging Materials Related Business" deals with gravure inks and flexographic inks that are used for printing on films of food packages. The "Colorants & Functional Materials Related Business" deals with products related to pigments that are also the raw materials of printing inks as core materials. The "Polymers & Coatings Related Business" began with resins that are the main raw materials of inks and their design technologies.
Furthermore, the Company's dispersion processing technologies are used not only for organic pigments but also inorganic materials such as carbon nanotube (CNT), which lead to expansion of their business in the new energy field such as secondary battery materials. They constitute about 40% of the Company's operating income.
The Company offers not only printing inks but also sales of machinery/equipment, support for streamlining customers' printing process, and support and tools for color management and color universal design.
◎ Overseas expansionWhile the Company is improving profitability by offering high-value-added products in the Japanese market, where a rapid growth is not expected, it is aggressively expanding its business from both production and sales perspectives in the overseas market where future growth is expected.
Development of its overseas manufacturing structures was almost completed during the previous Midterm Business Plan, and the Company is carrying out both raw material procurement and production at the local sites.
As of the end of March 2016, the Company has 50 overseas subsidiaries and 51 plants in 23 countries around the world.
ROE is expected to increase by enhancing margin and efficiency (total asset turnover rate).
Characteristics and StrengthsAs described above, the Company has been manufacturing in-house pigments and resins, which are the raw materials of printing inks. Its technological capacities form the basis of high quality printing ink production and lead to expansion of business areas and product range such as, LCD color filter materials, adhesive bonds and adhesive compounds.
(1) Strong technological edge
(2) Excellent problem solving skillsOne of the reasons for the Company to be at the top of the Japanese printing inks industry is its excellent problem solving capability in all aspects of printing.
The Company not only produces and supplies printing inks but also studies elements related to "printing" as a whole including plate making and images. Such efforts enable the Company to make technological proposals, demonstrate advanced service skills, and obtain high customer satisfaction.
(3) Environmental concernsThe Company is a forerunner in CO2 emission reduction as well as production of eco-friendly inks such as non-VOC inks, water-base inks, and UV inks. In the newly developed countries, too, the environmental regulations are becoming tighter, and the needs for environmentally friendly products are increasing. The Company is also working on assuring safety such as chemical substances control and manufacturing a line of products that meet the Swiss Ordinance, ahead of other companies.
(4) Uniqueness of management strategiesThe Company considers M&A as one of the options for exploring new markets with its technological edge, if M&A is expected to bring synergy effects to the Company. It is also taking an initiative in the printing ink industry to establish "local production for local consumption" policy in the overseas market for enhancing efficiency (e.g. reduction in transport mileage) and social contribution (e.g. utilization of local products) purposes.
|Fiscal Year March 2016 Earnings Results|
Increase in operating income due to the improvement of income margin despite slight fall in salesThe sales were 283.2 billion yen, down 1.2% YoY. This slight shrinkage was caused by sluggish demand for printing in Japan and economic slowdown in China.
Operating income was 18.4 billion yen, up 1.4% YoY. Improved profitability in sales (1.6 billion yen) which was caused by price revision and improvement of profit in exportation, drop of the price of raw materials (1.8 billion yen), and decreased fixed costs (0.6 billion yen) made up for less sales units (2.1 billion yen) and less sales of high function products (1.6 billion yen), which were the factors of decrease in operating income.
Overall, profit exceeded the revised forecast.
☆Colorants and Functional Materials Related BusinessDecrease in both sales and profit from the previous year did not reach the estimated values.
With regard to major new products, the sales of carbon dispersions for lithium ion secondary batteries were above the target. However, the sales of masterbatch for solar cells didn't reach the target.
<Chemical products>Decrease in both sales and profit from the previous term.
The performance of pigments slowed down due to sluggish domestic demand for printing inks. Production adjustment through model change in the South Korean market influenced the performance of CF paste.
<Display materials>Decreases in both sales and profit.
The profit decreased significantly because of diminished share in Taiwan and delayed adoption of new products. Prices for parts were reduced with lower panel prices caused by the declining operation rate for liquid crystal panels.
<Colorants>Decrease in both sales and profit.
While the container market has remained firm, the overseas market for office automation equipment was stagnant.
☆Polymers & Coatings Related BusinessBoth sales and profit increased from the previous term. While sales failed to meet the target, profit exceeded the target.
<Coating materials>Increase in sales and decrease in profit.
Sales of functional films (TSS group) expanded in South Korea and China. The transactions for sign-related products decreased due to the sluggish market condition. Regarding tape-related products, the performance of grinders, the company's mainstay product, stalled because of the slowdown of HDD, LCD, etc.
<Adhesives and adhesive compounds>Both sales and profit increased.
For sales of optic (ITC) related products, the sales of products for display in South Korean and Chinese markets rose. An increased number of laminating adhesives were sold in Thailand, Vietnam etc. Regarding industrial materials, the sales expanded in North America. Although sales of hot-melt for domestic market were sound, profit fell due to increase in prices of raw materials.
<Coating resins>Both sales and profit increased.
For coating materials for can production, which the company was looking to find new customers, stably led to a good result. Foundation for profit for resins was strengthened.
☆Packaging Materials Related BusinessBoth sales and profit increased. Compared with the initial estimate, sales were smaller but income was larger.
<Gravure inks in Japan>Decrease in sales and increase in profit.
Demands in the packaging use expanded. Especially the mainstay gravure inks for food packaging, achieved increase in sales. On the other hand, sales of solvent decreased, with declining prices of naphtha affecting selling price.
<Gravure inks overseas>Both sales and profit increased.
Increased sales of environment-friendly gravure inks and flexographic inks helped middle-grade products with more sales, especially in China, Southeast Asia and India. Operation of a technical center was started in Thailand.
☆Printing & Information Related BusinessDecrease in sales and increase in profit. Profit exceeded but sales fell below the plan.
<Offset inks (Japan)>Decrease in both sales and profit.
Sales of UV inks expanded. Inks for offset rotary press, sheet printing inks and inks for newspaper remained low due to the shrinking demand.
<Offset inks (overseas)>Both sales and profit increased.
Sales of UV inks remained steady overseas too. In addition, expansion of sales of sheet printing inks and inks for metals contributed to increase in profit. Operation of a technical center was started in China
Total liabilities decreased 4.6 billion yen to 145.8 billion yen because of decrease in trade payables.
Net assets grew 900 million yen to 214.6 billion yen due to increase in retained earnings, despite decrease in foreign currency translation adjustment resulted from strong yen.
Equity ratio increased 0.8 points from 56.9% at the end of the previous term to 57.7%.
Investing CF diminished further as purchase of intangible assets increased and proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment, etc. fell. As a result, the increase of free CF shrunk .
Financial CF also shrunk due to decrease in repayment of long-term loans payable. The cash position increased.
|Fiscal Year March 2017 Earnings Estimate|
Increases in sales and operating income are expected.Sales are estimated to be 290 billion yen, up 2.4% YoY. Sales of all segments are expected to increase even though a harsh business environment is anticipated to continue.
Operating income is expected to be 19.5 billion yen, up 5.6% YoY. Operating income, too, is also expected to rise in all segments.
Dividend is estimated to increase by 0.50 yen per share YoY to 16.00 yen per share. Payout ratio is estimated to be 39.8%.
◎New productsWhen looking at printing methods for film packaging materials by region, oil flexo is common in Europe and oil gravure is common in Asia. However, recently the demand for water-based printing has been growing due to regulation for food packaging materials in Europe and regulation of emission of VOC(*) in China from the environmental perspective.
(1) Water-based flexo inks usable for high-speed printing
Whether or not printing speed for water-based printing can be as fast as the one for oil flexo (500m/mins.) is the key as water-based printing has its difficulty in productivity due to its drying capacity.
After Toyo Ink developed the world's first retort processable water-based inks in 2007, it continued R&D for the problems of drying capacity of the product. Finally in 2016, it succeeded in developing water-based laminate inks with low VOC for high-speed printing at a maximum speed of 400 to 500 meters/min.
The sale of the product was started in Europe, China and Japan, targeting food laminate packaging materials, which dominate the major share of film packaging materials.
The company targets sales of 1.5 billion yen for this term, and 2 billion yen for the next term.
VOC stands for Volatile Organic Compounds. VOCs are organic chemicals such as toluene, xylene and ethyl acetate, which are included in paints, printing inks, adhesives, detergents, gasoline, and thinner. VOC is regarded as one of the substances that cause photochemical smog through photochemical reaction in the air. (Source: the website of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.)
(2) Polymer-related product group for opticsIn the mobile market and display market, various changes have occurred, including the growing demand for durability of liquid crystal polarizing plates mainly for automobile use, rise of OLED (organic light-emitting diode)* for display, and shift of production bases to the Chinese market.
In response to these changes, by utilizing the group's advantage, Toyo Ink has been developing new polymer-related product group for optics such as acrylic adhesive, which was given the durability based on technology platform developed in different fields, urethane adhesive, allowing improved flexibility and controls conformably better than acrylic resin, and UV adhesive, which was prepared for new materials like COP by utilizing its own monomer.
With regard to the production system, especially in China and South Korea, reduction in distribution costs and quick delivery (local production for local consumption) have been promoted.
The target sales of products for electronics optical for this term are 4 billion yen.
Organic light-emitting diode (*)
Organic compounds are used as luminescent materials. OLED is thinner and lighter than liquid crystal, and has less power consumption, faster response, and higher contrast as well. It has been expected to be applied to light, TV and display devices in the near future.
(3) Resist-related productsPigment of RGB (red, green and blue) was originally developed in order to make power saving panels with high saturation as high-quality panels, and the result has been partially recognized.
<Improvement of share of CF materials through the originally developed pigment>
Products tailored for the trend of improving quality, such as 4K/8K, is to be on sale in the market.
(4) Lithium-ion batteries-related partsLIOACCUM™ ONESHOT WANISU™ series of electrode materials for lithium batteries has been adopted in Toyota Motor Corporation's new Prius hybrid vehicle which was released on December 19, 2015.
The LIOACCUM ONESHOT WANISU is a functional dispersion used for processing lithium-ion battery electrodes. Based on the group's expertise in dispersion and ink processing technology, it can be dispersing and mixing the conductive carbon and binder in an optimal state.
Compared with conventional manufacturing methods, ONESHOT WANISU dispersion make it possible to produce a high-grade and stable battery electrode by forming a homogeneous coating on the electrode surface. In addition, production time has dramatically been reduced.
With this development as a foundation, Toyo Ink moves forward with development in new markets especially the Chinese market. At the same time, the company also develops parts with more stability and environmental-friendliness by adding new technology.
The target sales of lithium-ion battery-related products for this term are 400 million yen. However, the sales for the term ending March 2019 are estimated to dramatically grow to 2 billion yen.
◎New marketWith regard to the business of pasting pharmaceutical products, Toyo Ink obtained authorization of manufacturing/distribution of pharmaceutical products (Class 1). Manufacturing line for pharmaceutical products has been completed, and knowledge about operation of pharmaceutical business has been gained as well.
(1) Development of business into the field of healthcare
Completion of the platform for pharmaceutical business enabled direct participation in the medical health care market.
From this term, Toyo Ink aims at creating synergy with its core technology, including dispersion and prescription technique, polymer technique, coating and processing technique, device development technique, etc., and development of new products such as new pasting pharmaceutical products, medical adhesive and resin, and medical tapes, as well as overseas expansion.
Sales goal for this term for healthcare-related products is 2 billion yen.
(2) Global developmentToyo Ink Turkey was established in January 2015 as a sales corporation. It aims to earn recognition and increase sales in the region, and with the sales of high function products, it aims to have the largest share in Turkey.
The following are the development strategies.
1) Expansion of business via existing channels as hubs, group's channels and new channels. In the Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia, Toyo Ink aims at establishing business base and expanding the business early. On the other hand, brand development is planned in Europe, which is an environmentally advanced region.
2) Strengthening of the business of liquid inks as using the group's knowledge towards expansion of the share of packaging, a growing market.
3) Increase in sales through expansion of product lineups such as offset lithographic inks and paint, enabled by the group's technology.
4) Strengthening of solution capability through new product launches such as UV inks, inks for ink-jet printers and laminating adhesive.
For this term, the trend of sales and profit need to be watched closely as they are expected to increase in all segments.
On the other hand, in the mid to long term, the company has a high expectation for the development in the area of health care products as it has a potential for growth with a newly acquired platform for pharmaceutical business.
|<Reference : Midterm Business Management Plan, SCC-III>|
(1) Midterm Business Management Plan, SCC-IIIThe Midterm Business Management Plan, called Science Company Change (SCC), began in April 2008. In April 2014, its 3rd term, "SCC-III Evolution Plan" for April 2014 to March 2017 began.
◎ Business domains and technology platformsIn the SCC-III, the Company is aiming to "transform from Specialty Chemical Manufacturer to a Science Company" and established 3 business domains and 5 technology platforms. Through collaboration between the "Group Technology Center", which is the laboratory facility of the Holdings, and business departments of each group company in Japan and overseas, the Group will carry out basic research and product development.
<Business Domain>Each business domain sets priority areas and will continuously develop and offer products that respond to the changing tide and market needs. Although the progress thus far is uneven, development of secondary battery related parts in the "Sustainability Science" domain reportedly started showing good results from this FY.
<Expansion of Technology Platform (TPF)>Technology platform refers to technology accumulation and basic technologies that will be the basis and foundation for developing new products.
The Company initially had three conventional TPFs: 1) "Specialty Materials" that advance existing materials to special materials, 2) "Material Processing" that adds functions and values with unique processing technologies to specialty materials, and 3) "Converting Components" that process materials to meet diversifying and advancing needs. Then Company added two more TPFs. One is "Module Designing," which is a technology for examining products from customers' point of view and reflecting the results in the downstream expansion of products and development of new products. The other is "Solution," which is aimed at creating products that are valuable for the users by proposing design and formation. Thus the Company has a total of five TPFs.
◎ Plans for each business segmentThe Company aims to expand its four business segments in a well-balanced manner.
The potential growth of "Colorants and Functional Materials Related Business" with a focus on LCD color filter, which occupies about 40% of the current operating income, is high but subject to economic trends. Printing inks, on the other hand, can expect little of their market growth, but they are less likely to be affected by the changing economic environment. The Company will pursue market development in newly emerging countries based on the principle of "local production for local consumption" to obtain stable income base for the "Printing and Information Related Business" and "Packaging Materials Related Business" segments. At the same time, it will pursue growth by developing and selling new high-value-added products for the "Colorants and Functional Materials Related Business" and "Polymers and Coatings Related Business" segments.
◎ Overseas expansionThe goal of SCC-III for the overseas sales ratio is 50% (it was 43% during FY 2015).
The local manufacturing structure of printing inks in India and Brazil has been almost completed during the previous Medium Term Plan. From this FY on, the Company is planning to accelerate increase in production amount and strengthen production and sales of adhesives in Asia and the United States for diversification.
Furthermore, in an effort to explore new markets, the Company will also work on marketing in Mekong Basin area and Mexico and strengthen sales in Turkey for the possible future local production.
In the market of emerging counties, the Company will make efforts to expand sales by selling high-spec products just like the ones sold in Japan, as well as lowering costs of the Company's unique middle-spec products that are high quality and eco-friendly.
In developed countries, the Company will make efforts to expand sales of UV inks, which is the Company's strength, taking advantage of growing number of Japanese printing machinery sold in Europe and the U.S. The UV inks for packaging made by Arets International NV (current Toyo Aretz International NV), which was acquired by the Company in April 2013, will also be strong weapon for the Company.
◎ Strengthening management foundationIn addition to the above-mentioned actions to expand the business, the Company is making efforts to strengthen management base through "strengthening the manufacturing base" with a focus on cost reduction, "promotion of environmental management" to reduce CO2 emission, "development and utilization of human resources" by expanding diversity, and "streamlining management" by introducing integrated systems on a global scale.
(2) Message from the Company to the investorsAs stated in our management philosophy, we Toyo Ink, a lifestyle creating company, is always aiming to develop products from the consumers' perspective.
Even if you have never heard of our name, we would like you to know that our products are used in various situations in your life.
Not as a mere ink manufacturer but as a science company, we will continue looking towards the client companies' future and plan to expand the range of products that are essential to the society.
We added "improving shareholders' value" last year in its Guiding Principle, and are successfully changing the corporate minds and the mind of employees.
We would like our investors to see our steady growth through new product development and overseas expansion, and seek support from our investors from mid- to long-term perspectives.
|<Reference 2 : Corporate Governance>|
◎Corporate Governance ReportToyo Ink SC Holdings Co., Ltd. Submitted a Corporate Governance Report on December 15, 2015 after Corporate Governance Code was applied.
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